Part II

1887: Adolfe Miethe and Johannes Gaedicke invent flash powder.

1889 to early 1900's: The still ongoing conflict of "is photography a fine art" begins to form with the Pictorialists and the Photo Secessionists. Peter Henry Emerson and Alfred Stieglitz emerge as the main spokesmen.

1890: Karl Ferdinand Braun invents the Cathode Ray Tube (CRT).

1891: Eastman Kodak introduces transparent nitrocellulose film and a photo finishing service for the general public. It comes in the form of a simple box camera that came preloaded with enough film for 100 exposures. When complete, the whole unit would be sent back to Kodak for processing, printing and reloading. Thus the Kodak slogan "You press the button--We do the rest."

1891:  George Shiras 3rd first to photograph wild animals by flashlight, near Marquette, Michigan. Shiras and John Hammer later perfect a device which causes wild animals to trip a shutter and set off a flash, taking their own photos at night.

1891:  Cullen C. Packard of Kalamazoo, Michigan, patents the Packard shutter.  Many are still in use today.

1894: The Lumiere brothers come up with the first projector for showing movies. It also doubles as a camera.

1895: Pocket Kodak is introduced.

1895: Wilhelm Conrad Rotgen discovers x-rays.


1900: The first mass market camera, the Brownie, is introduced. Cost, a dollar. The proliferation of amateur photography begins!! In the rest of American society, changes in postal regulations and the Rural Free Delivery system and the addition of accessible photography leads to the widespread popularity of postcards, including the now collectable "real photo" postcards.

1901: Queen Victoria dies.

1902: Otto von Bronk applies for a patent on color television.

1905:  Alfred Stieglitz opens Gallery 291 to display Photo-Secession Movement photographs.

1907: The Lumiere brothers reveal the first permanent color process, the autochrome, using potato starch grains.

1910: The cell process of animation is patented by John Randolph Bray in the US, thus the beginning of cartoons.

1912: The Titanic sinks.

1914: The first 35 mm cameras are introduced.

1914-18: WWI

1915: D.W. Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation" is shown. Condemned by the NAACP for it's racist content.

1919: United Artists is formed by Mary Pickford, Charles Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith.

1920: Women earn the right to vote.

1923: Kodak introduces a 16 mm camera for amateurs.

1923: First radio network in US.

1925: 35 mm Leica cameras are marketed.

1925: Paul Vierkotter invents the flashbulb.

1927: "The Jazz Singer" is released and is the first successful "Talkie".

1927: Lindbergh's famous flight across the Atlantic, alone.

1929: The Stock Market crash, beginning the Depression.

1931: Harold Edgerton comes up with stop action images with the use of a flash.

1932: Ansel Adams, Edward Weston and others found “Group 64,” dedicated to a straight photography aesthetic as opposed to soft pictorialism.

1932: The first photo cell light meter is introduced. No more exposure guessing.

1933: Prohibition ends.

1935: Kodachrome (for slides) is introduced.

1935-1940: The Farm Security Administration (FSA) conducts the largest social documentary project ever, employing Dorthea Lange, Walker Evans, and others to produce over 500,000 photographs to generate public support for Roosevelt's New Deal programs to end the Great Depression.

1936: The Argus A is the first of a line of inexpensive U.S. made 35 mm cameras.

1936: Life Magazine debuts, the Nations most popular magazine, brings photographs into American homes for 40 years.

1937: The Hindenburg zeppelin explodes in a fire.

1939: "Gone With the Wind" and "The Wizard of Oz" are the first Technicolor classics.

1939: Hitler invades Poland starting WWII.

1939: A television program is broadcast, live of course, from the World's Fair in New York.

1939:  Argus C-3 introduced.  Made in Ann Arbor, Michigan, this camera brought 35mm photography to more than 3 million customers at a fraction of the price of European cameras with the same features.

1941: Eastman Kodak introduces the first color negative film, KODACOLOR.

1941: Pearl Harbor is bombed.

1941:  In August, Harry Callahan and Todd Webb attend Ansel Adams’ Detroit workshop, launching two acclaimed careers in photography.  Weeks later, Adams takes his iconic photograph, Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico.

1945: Atomic bomb is dropped.

1948: The first Nikon is introduced along with the Polaroid camera.


1950-60's: The drive-in theater is in it's prime.

1955: The "Family of Man" exhibit, organized by Edward Steichen, opens in New York.

1959: "The Americans" is published by Robert Franks challenging the American Cold-War status quo. It also launches a generation of "social landscape" photographers.

1963: Instamatic cameras are introduced.

1965-73: The Vietnam War.

1969: The first photograph from the moon.

1970: IMAX process is introduced in Japan at Expo '70.

1972: The Pocket Instamatic Camera-110 is introduced.

1976: Canon's AE-1 35 mm camera is the first camera with a microprocessor.

1978: Konica introduces the first auto focus camera.

1984: Canon introduces the first electronic still camera.

1987: Kodak and Fuji introduce disposable cameras.

1988: Sony and Fuji introduce the first digital cameras.

1989: The Berlin Wall comes down.